Pregnancy is typically an exciting period in a woman’s life. However, with the current COVID-19 threat, everyone is in an increased state of tension and anxiety. Along with worrying about their health and the health of their loved ones, pregnant women are also concerned about the safety of their unborn baby.
Pregnant women are at equal risk as everybody else when it comes to contracting the COVID-19 infection. However, because of the hormonal and physical changes they are going through, they may be more vulnerable to complications stemming from the infection. Here is what you need to know about coronavirus and pregnancy as well as how to reduce the risk of infection for both the mother and the baby.
COVID-19 infection risks during pregnancy
While there is a low overall risk of COVID-19 to pregnant women, pregnancy increases the risk of serious diseases with the infection. Compared to non-pregnant women, pregnant women who are infected with COVID-19 virus are at a higher risk of developing respiratory complications which need intensive care. Also, they are more likely to be placed on a ventilator.
Whether the infection results in problems during pregnancy or impacts the baby’s health after birth is still not known. However, some studies proposed that pregnant women infected with COVID-19 have a higher probability of having a premature birth and their new-borns have a higher risk of getting admitted into the neonatal unit.
Nevertheless, there is currently no evidence implying an increased risk of early pregnancy loss or a miscarriage due to COVID-19. Also, there is no conclusive evidence indicating an increased risk of birth defects.
Take precautions to protect yourself from COVID-19.
Sometimes, pregnant women have an altered immunity due to gestational diabetes, hyperemesis or anaemia. Therefore, they should take extra precautions to protect themselves against exposure as much as possible. They can keep their immunity strong during pregnancy by eating healthy, getting enough sleep and reducing stress.
Generally, the risk of getting COVID-19 increases with more, longer and closer interactions with other people. Here are some suggested preventive measures pregnant women can take:
- As much as possible, limit interactions with people who might have been infected or exposed to COVID-19, which include the people within their household.
- When going out, wear a facial mask, avoid others without masks, stay a minimum of one metre away from others and wash hands for at least twenty seconds with soap and water.
- Stay away from activities where it is hard to practice protective precautions and where social distancing cannot be maintained.
Never skip appointments during pregnancy.
Pregnant women should never miss all the recommended doctor appointments. If they need help finding a good gynaecologist in singapore, they can contact the nearest hospital clinic or health centre.
If they are worried about going to the appointments due to COVID-19, they can ask their healthcare providers on the COVID-19 measures they have taken. Some clinics may choose to postpone or cancel some visits, while others tend to switch some appointments to telemedicine visits.
If they are developing COVID-19 symptoms or feeling unwell, they might have to postpone their appointments.
Get the recommended vaccines and a thirty-day supply of medications.
Taking the recommended vaccines during pregnancy help protect you and your unborn baby. Check with the gynaecologist for the suitable vaccines if needed. Also, pregnant women should ask their clinic to give them at least a thirty-day supply of medication.
Consult with the gynaecologists for advice
Pregnant women should consult with their gynaecologists of healthcare providers if they think they have COVID-19 or have been exposed to COVID-19 patients. They can also contact their doctor for questions related to their health.
Typically, the treatment for pregnant women with COVID-19 is intended at relieving symptoms and may include drinking plenty of fluid, getting a lot of rest and taking medication to reduce fever and cough and relieve pain. Those who are very sick may need to be treated at the hospital.
Pregnant women are equally at risk as everybody else of getting infected by the COVID-19. However, they are more likely to develop complications due to infection. They should contact their doctor immediately if they experience COVID-19 symptoms or are exposed to someone with COVID-19.