Tubal ligation procedure, more commonly known as sterilisation or having your tubes tied, is a particular surgery that will prevent you from getting pregnant. Often, women who consider getting this operation are those who are done having kids or those that don’t want one.
if you’re thinking about getting sterilisation, you need to understand what the procedure implies. So, take a look at 6 things you need to know about tubal ligation surgery below:
It takes age into consideration
Women of legal age can undergo this procedure. There are seldom any medical complications relating to age, but there are some emotional and psychological impacts involved that you need to take into account.
Generally, women who proceed with the surgery in their early 20s often end up regretting their decision in the future as life circumstances evolve over time. So, when they do decide that they want to get pregnant in their 30s, they resort to costly and complex procedures like microsurgery or in vitro fertilisation (IVF) to restore their fertility.
Hence, gynae often recommend to their patients who want to get tubal ligation to wait until they reach the age of 30.
It’s a simple surgery
Another consideration is the simplicity of the operation. Unlike other medical procedures, tubal ligation is relatively straightforward.
A surgeon will make a small incision in your abdomen and seal both ends of your fallopian tubes either by clamping, cutting, or banding them. In doing so, the procedure prevents sperm from entering the tubes and fertilising your egg.
Because of its fast and simple routine, the doctor can perform sterilisation alongside a caesarean section, or after a vaginal delivery should the mothers request one.
It’s a permanent procedure
Due to the nature of the operation, it is considered permanent. While there are some treatments you can get to reverse the surgery and reattach your fallopian tubes, there will already be permanent effects on your reproductive organs that may affect future pregnancy.
According to studies, only about 50% to 80% of those who went through the reversal surgery succeeded in becoming pregnant. So, it’s important to keep this in mind, should you choose to go through with the procedure.
It’s effective and safe, but there are some risks
With a 99.5% success rate, tubal ligation is one of the safest and most effective birth control options available. But even so, there may still be some risks involved, like injury to your arteries, large intestines, or bladder. In addition, it is still quite possible to experience infections or adverse reactions to anaesthesia, much like other surgeries.
If you are sexually active, you can potentially experience an ectopic pregnancy, which is a condition where the sperm fertilises an egg outside of the womb. When this happens, it can pose a danger to your life.
That said, before making your decision, be sure to weigh the advantages and the risks involved. If you need guidance in this regard, you can consult with a recommended gynae.
It can change your period
Besides the risks, one of the long-term side effects of tubal ligation is altering your period. Even after the operation, you will still have a period every month and ovulate because your hormones are still present. But you may notice some changes in your cycle post-operation.
Some changes include longer periods or more painful cramps during ovulation. Experts believe that these changes occur as a result of either the fluctuating hormonal activity in your body or the body’s response to its changing composition. In any case, discussing the effects of ligation surgery with your doctor is necessary to give you a better understanding of what to expect.
It has a short recovery phase
Most women who undergo sterilisation recover with no problems at all. Of course, the recovery process will depend on certain factors like lifestyle, general health, and natural body response. But overall, you can heal after a few days to a week.
Consider your Options
While this procedure is an excellent option in preventing future pregnancies, there are still other alternatives you can explore, like temporary contraceptives and vasectomy for your partner. As much as possible, be open to all available options before making this life-changing decision.