17 May 2021


The first trimester is the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. During this period, the woman’s body goes through various changes. This is the time where the body adjusts to a new life form forming within.

Early Pregnancy Symptoms

The woman’s body releases several hormones that affect the different organs. The first sign of pregnancy is missing their period. As the weeks pass, the symptoms become more apparent. In the first trimester, some women experience the following symptoms:

  • Bloated tummy
  • Developing cravings
  • Tiredness and sleepiness
  • Unexpected mood swings
  • Heartburn
  • Weight gain
  • Headaches
  • Tender breasts
  • Period-like cramps

Of course, symptoms vary depending on the woman’s body. While some mothers have it bad, others don’t experience it at all. 

The Development of the Foetus

The baby’s brain and spinal cord start to form during the first three months. Gradually, all the vital organs start taking shape. Mothers can feel and hear their baby’s heartbeat during this time as well. 

After a few weeks, the baby’s limbs develop. After eight weeks, the fingers and toes become more prominent. At the end of 12 weeks, the parents should be able to identify the gender of the baby as sex organ becomes more apparent.

Scheduling a Visit to Gynaecology Clinics

Throughout the vital three months of pregnancy, monthly checkups at gynae Singapore should be scheduled. This way, the development of the foetus can be properly monitored, and health conditions can be addressed. 

How to Stay Healthy During the First Trimester

Often, women have to adjust their lifestyles to ensure that the baby grows in the belly safely and healthy. From the food they eat to the physical exercises they do daily, everything directly affects the baby’s growth. Here are things to take care of in pregnancy:

  • What Nutrients to Take: Mothers should incorporate many green leafy vegetables and fresh citrus fruits into their diets as it contains a high level of vitamin B. Taking folic acid is also a good source of healthy vitamins and minerals that prevent neural defects in the baby.
  • What Food to Avoid: Say no to raw food like red meat and sushi. Likewise, avoid unprocessed dairy products such as soft cheeses as they can cause infection during pregnancy. Coffee and any caffeinated beverages should be limited to a minimum daily. Too much caffeine can increase the chances of a miscarriage. If necessary, one cup a day should suffice.
  • What Exercises are Safe: Contrary to popular belief, exercising during the first trimester does not heighten the risk of a miscarriage. It is a good practice to prepare their bodies for weight gain. Light exercises such as walking and stretching are good to start with. Avoid high-impact sports and activities that involve fast and dynamic movements.

Tests Required During the First Trimester

To assure a healthy pregnancy, mothers should regularly visit the gynae from the fourth week of pregnancy. During their prenatal visit, the doctor will perform a full physical exam and check health history records to advise expectant mothers accordingly. When necessary, medical experts might require mothers to undergo certain tests, such as:

At 11 weeks, doctors at gynaecology clinics can perform nuchal translucency (NT) scan, which measures the size of the baby’s head and neck. This will determine the possibility of the baby developing Down syndrome.

Other Considerations

As exciting as pregnancy is, it can also be quite exhausting and costly. Fortunately, there are gynae clinics around Singapore that cater to women’s pregnancy needs.

Some clinics offer both prenatal and postnatal care prenatal care is designed to improve a mother’s hormone levels to regulate mood and stabilize cardiovascular health while postnatal care focuses on restoring the body to a pre-pregnancy state. That said, the importance of prenatal and postnatal care should not be taken lightly. 


When it comes to the first trimester, everything should be well-planned and organized because these are the crucial moments in the baby’s development. In taking care of their health and wellness, mothers also ensure the safety of their child.